GOES in Earth Engine

A GOES-16 false-color image subset of the Americas.

Two satellites

  • GOES-16 (East): positioned at 75.2° W
  • GOES-17 (West): positioned at 137.2° W
Vantage point of geostationary satellites GOES-16 (left) and GOES-17 (right).

Two data products

  • CMI: includes 16 bands from selected visible, near-infrared, and infrared spectral regions.
  • FHS: includes estimates of wildland fire area, temperature, and power.

Three scan types

  • Full Disk: full field of view from GOES 16 and 17, one image every 10 minutes per satellite.
  • CONUS: subsets of the full disk focused on the contiguous United States and eastern Pacific Ocean, one image every 5 minutes per satellite.
  • Mesoscale: two relatively small regions per satellite are actively tasked to image a requested region (or a default region), one image per domain every minute. The following image demonstrates the highly dynamic scan regions of the Mesoscale dataset. Note that the Mesoscale scan type is not available for the Fire/Hotspot Characterization product.

Near real-time monitoring

  • Full Disk: 40–50 minute latency
  • CONUS: 15–25 minute latency
  • Mesoscale: 10–20 minute latency

Earth Engine Data Catalog IDs

// GOES-16
ee.ImageCollection('NOAA/GOES/16/MCMIPF') // Full Disk
ee.ImageCollection('NOAA/GOES/16/MCMIPC') // CONUS
ee.ImageCollection('NOAA/GOES/16/MCMIPM') // Mesoscale
// GOES-17
ee.ImageCollection('NOAA/GOES/17/MCMIPF') // Full Disk
ee.ImageCollection('NOAA/GOES/17/MCMIPC') // CONUS
ee.ImageCollection('NOAA/GOES/17/MCMIPM') // Mesoscale
// GOES-16
ee.ImageCollection('NOAA/GOES/16/FDCF') // Full Disk
ee.ImageCollection('NOAA/GOES/16/FDCC') // CONUS
// GOES-17
ee.ImageCollection('NOAA/GOES/17/FDCF') // Full Disk
ee.ImageCollection('NOAA/GOES/17/FDCC') // CONUS

GOES time series animation

  1. True-color time series
  2. False-color time series
  3. Fire-detected pixels overlaid on the true-color time series
GOES-17 true-color animation of the Creek Fire (California) on September 5th, 2020. True-color display is good for smoke visualization.
GOES-17 false-color animation of the Creek Fire (California) on September 5th, 2020. False-color display allows the fire to be seen.
GOES-17 true-color animation of the Creek Fire (California) on September 5th, 2020 with fire-detected pixels overlaid in red.

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Developer Relations Engineer for Google Earth Engine. See other posts at https://medium.com/google-earth/tagged/earth-engine

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Justin Braaten

Justin Braaten

Developer Relations Engineer for Google Earth Engine. See other posts at https://medium.com/google-earth/tagged/earth-engine

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